IRS Adds to Lists of Countries Subject to Bank Interest Reporting Requirements

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December 9, 2016

Earlier this week, the IRS issued Revenue Procedure 2016-56 to add to the list of countries subject to the reporting requirements of Code section 6049, which generally relate to reporting on bank interest paid to nonresident alien individuals.  Specifically, the Revenue Procedure adds Saint Lucia to the list of countries with which the U.S. has a bilateral tax information exchange agreement, and adds Saint Lucia, Israel, and the Republic of Korea to the list of countries with which Treasury and IRS have determined the automatic exchange of information to be appropriate.

Prior to 2013, interest on bank deposits was generally not required to be reported if paid to a nonresident alien other than a Canadian. In 2012, the IRS amended Treas. Reg. § 1.6049-8 in an effort to provide bilateral information exchanges under the intergovernmental agreements between the United States and partner jurisdictions that were being agreed to as part of the implementation of the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA).  In many cases, those agreements require the United States to share information obtained from U.S. financial institutions with foreign tax authorities.  Under the amended regulation, certain bank deposit interest paid on accounts held by nonresident aliens who are residents of certain countries must be reported to the IRS so that the IRS can satisfy its obligations under the agreements to provide such information reciprocally.

The bank interest reportable under Treas. Reg. § 1.6049-8(a) includes interest: (i) paid to a nonresident alien individual; (ii) not effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business; (iii) relating to a deposit maintained at an office within the U.S., and (iv) paid to an individual who is a resident of a country properly identified as one with which the U.S. has a bilateral tax information exchange agreement.  Under Treas. Reg. § 1.6049-4(b)(5), for such bank interest payable to a nonresident alien individual that exceeds $10, the payor must file Form 1042-S, “Foreign Person’s U.S. Source Income Subject to Withholding,” for the year of payment.

The list of countries will likely continue to expand as more countries enter into tax information exchange agreements with the U.S. in order to implement FATCA.